A growing number of non-white American women are seeking alternatives to hospitals for childbirth, reveals a report by the National Partnership for Women and Families (NPWF), whose The Guardian relayed the conclusions on Friday, April 29.
According to this Washington-based nonprofit organization that works on public policy around women and families, so-called “community” births – at home or in community birthing centers – have increased by 20% in the United States. United from 2019 to 2020, with a peak located among women of color.
In detail, the increase for this type of birth was 30% among non-Hispanic black women, 26% among Native Americans, 24% among Hispanic women and 18% among Asian and white women. Among native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander women, the increase is 13%.
The NPWF document further points out that in recent years, severe maternal morbidity, which the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – the nation’s top federal public health agency – defines as unintended consequences of childbirth that have significant short- or long-term consequences for a woman’s health, has increased generally and particularly among people of color. From 2014 to 2017, black women were three times more likely to experience pregnancy-related deaths than non-Hispanic white women, and Indigenous women were twice as likely.